The detection of anomalies is one of the most eclectic and difficult activities in data analysis. This course builds on the basics introduced in the earlier course, and provides more advanced methods including supervised and unsupervised learning, advanced use of Benford’s Law, and more on statistical anomaly detection. Optional topics may include anomalies in time series, deception in text and the use of social network analysis to detect fraud and other undesirable behaviours.
This course presents statistical, computational and machine-learning techniques for predictive detection of fraud and security breaches. These methods are shown in the context of use cases for their application, and include the extraction of business rules and a framework for the interoperation of human, rule-based, predictive and outlier-detection methods. Methods presented include predictive tools that do not rely on explicit fraud labels, as well as a range of outlier-detection techniques including unsupervised learning methods, notably the powerful random-forest algorithm, which can be used for all supervised and unsupervised applications, as well as cluster analysis, visualisation and fraud detection based on Benford’s law. The course will also cover the analysis and visualisation of social-network data. A basic knowledge of R and predictive analytics is advantageous.